Monitoring Program

Washington State’s Salmon Recovery Funding Board (SRFB) pays for three monitoring programs: Project effectiveness monitoring, intensively monitored watersheds, and fish-in and fish-out (one type of status and trends monitoring).


This short video provides an overview of salmon recovery monitoring funded by the Salmon Recovery Funding Board.


Intensively Monitored Watersheds

The Intensively Monitored Watersheds program asks the question: Is restoration working to increase salmon numbers? Intensively Monitored Watersheds (or IMW) monitoring compares the number of salmon from streams where habitat restoration was done to similar streams nearby without such actions. This shows if changes in fish survival and productivity are due to restoration efforts or to other factors not related to stream restoration.

This SRFB-funded program has led to scientific findings about salmon life strategies and habitat needs and helps improve designs of restoration projects.

Watch this 2-minute video clip for an overview about intensively monitored watershed efforts funded by the Salmon Recovery Funding Board

Map of intensively monitored watershed projects

This link accesses an interactive map of HWS projects that are monitored as part of the intensively monitored watersheds program. Select individual projects on the map for more information about monitored projects.

Access the intensively monitored watershed page in HWS here

Fish-in and Fish-out Monitoring

Fish-in and fish-out monitoring is the counting and tracking of adult salmon coming in (fish-in) to spawn and the number of juvenile or young fish headed to sea (fish-out). Measuring this transition tells us the extent that freshwater habitat and marine habitat affect the salmon numbers overall.

The SRFB funds a small portion of the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife’s Fish-in, Fish-out program.

Watch this 2-minute video clip for an overview about fish-in and fish-out monitoring


Effectiveness Monitoring

Project-level effectiveness monitoring funded by the SRFB addresses whether habitat restoration projects are effectively achieving their goals. By measuring environmental conditions, habitat characteristics, and biological indicators, scientists can begin to answer questions such as: did planted trees provide shade for the stream? Did the logs that were added to streams increase pool depths?

Map of projects with effectiveness monitoring

Watch this 2-minute video clip for an overview of effectiveness monitoring funded by the Salmon Recovery Funding Board

What Does the SRFB Effectiveness Monitoring Program Do?

  • Determine the efficacy of individual projects in achieving restoration outcomes;
  • Determine the efficacy of monitoring to detect changes caused by project actions;
  • Evaluate projects within different categories, and
  • Compare the effectiveness of different categories to achieve specific outcomes (e.g., what is the effectiveness of riparian planting projects compared with livestock exclusion projects in reducing erosion?)

The program evaluated several monitoring categories (listed in more detail below). The SRFB is now using this information to guide its restoration project investments.

Effectiveness Monitoring Project Types Monitored

Channel Connectivity
Constrained Channel About Map projects List projects
Diversion Screening About Map projects List projects
Fish Passage About Map projects List projects
Habitat Protection About Map projects List projects
Instream Habitat About Map projects List projects
Livestock Exclusion About Map projects List projects
Riparian Planting About Map projects List projects
Spawning Gravel About Map projects List projects
Other About Map projects List projects

Effectiveness Monitoring Protocols 2011


Other Resources

Below are additional resources related to monitoring:

In addition, the Pacific Northwest regional links below contain forums for discussing methods, results, monitoring program guidance, and topics of interest among experts and practitioners.